The ecosystem in a septic system is quite sensitive. A fine balance needs to be maintained between certain factors to ensure that the system is functioning as it should. Many homeowners with septic tanks are unaware of what they need to do to properly maintain their systems. As a result, many have systems have poor efficiency or frequently experience issues, such as clogging.
Testing the septic system is an important part of maintenance since there are factors that have to be maintained at certain levels. Which are these tests and how are they carried out? Read on to find out.
Test the Plumbing and Visible Components
Before you go into the contents of the septic tank, the first thing you should look at are the parts leading to the septic tank. You can learn a lot by seeing how water drains in your home.
Run some water in the sinks, tubs, dishwasher and washing machine to see how the water drains away. You should note how long it takes for the water to drain. If the water drains slowly, this could be a sign that your septic system is almost full or that you have blocked lines.
You should also check for a sewer backup when you flush your toilets. This is also a sign that the tank is full or a line is clogged.
Perform a Dye Test
If you find some water above ground, you can perform a dye test to see if the water is originating from inside your home.
A dye test is quite simple and involves flushing or washing die down your drains to see if it will show up in certain places. If there are visible traces of the die in the wrong drain pipes, your basement, or other areas, your septic tank may be overflowing. You can find a dye test kit for septic systems in most plumbing shops and home improvement stores.
Testing the Scum and Sludge Depth
Testing the scum and sludge depth is also important for your septic tank. If the layers of scum and sludge in your tank are too thick, the system will be much less effective. These tests are fairly simple and can be conducted using a dipstick or some other makeshift tools.
Although you can conduct many septic tests on your own, it's always a good idea to hire an expert to perform the tests when possible. They will have the right tools and are likely to conduct a broader range of tests. For help, contact a company like Koberlein Environmental Services.